Jantar Mantar, Jaipur: The Largest Astronomical Observatory

Among the most stunning architectural wonders of Jaipur is the Jantar Mantar located adjacent to the City Palace. This architectural jewel was built by the Rajput King Sawai Jai Singh II in 1734. It is India’s five most popular and is the largest one in Jaipur. The observatory is counted as one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Every tourist must visit this place on the Jaipur sightseeing tour. If you have an interest in science and astronomy, then this is the best place to go on a city tour.

History –

A fascinating astronomical observatory, Jantar Mantar is located in the heart of Pink City. This is one of the world’s largest observatories that helps to interpret the position of celestial bodies and calculate local time. Enumerated as a popular world heritage site by UNESCO that attracts architects, geographers, and historians.

The observatory was built during the reign of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who constructed 5 observatories in different parts of the country, i.e., Jaipur, Mathura, Delhi, Ujjain, and Varanasi. It is the largest one of all which is still well-maintained and the one in Mathura is almost in ruins, now. The Maharaja was the founder of Jaipur city and a potential ruler of Amber. He was a scholar in mathematics, astronomy, and physics, along with his political expertise. Under his reign, he was bespoken by Mughal emperor Muhammad Shah to rectify astronomical data from European and Persian nations and studied and interpreted the same.

Best time to visit –

An ideal time of the day to visit Jantar Mantar on the Jaipur City Tour is at noon. During midday, you can observe the Sun vertically above, and it is easy to know the process of interpretation of the readings of each instrument.

Timings –

The observatory remains open from 9:00 am to 4:30 pm, on all seven days of the week. A 30 to 45-minute tour can be planned to explore the observatory.

Entry fee –

  •       For Indians INR 50/- only
  •       For Foreigners INR 200/- only
  •       For Indian students INR 15/- only
  •       For International students INR 24/- only

*Students are supposed to get a discount on showing their valid ID proofs.

Light and sound show timings –

  •       Oct – Feb: 6:30 Pm onwards
  •       Mar – Apr: 7:00 Pm onwards
  •       May – Sept: 7:30 Pm onwards

Major tourist attractions within the observatory –

The observatory in Jaipur comprises 19 astronomical instruments to measure the position and distances of extraterrestrial bodies. These instruments are architectural structures depicting fine geometric shapes. It is advisable to take a local guide to get a clear understanding of the instruments and how they work.

  •       Vrihat Samrat Yantra stood huge, 27 m long, and renowned as the tallest sundial in the world
  •       Laghu Samrat Yantra calculates time up to the accuracy of 20 sec
  •       Ram Yantra measures the elevation and azimuth of the Sun and planets
  •       Jaya Prakash Yantra consists of hemispherical bowls like sundials with graded marble slabs
  •       Chakra Yantra is a ring-like instrument that calculates the coordinates and the hour angle of the Sun
  •       Digamsa is a pillar in the middle of two concentric outer circles
  •       Nadivalaya represents the two hemispheres of the earth
  •       Karnti Vritya is a special instrument used to measure the solar sign of the sun in the daytime

Places to explore around Jantar Mantar, Jaipur –

Some of the best places which you can check out on your Jaipur 3 days tour are –

  •       City Palace
  •       Hawa Mahal
  •       Tripolia Gate
  •       Goverdhan Temple

Significance of the observatory –

Jantar Mantar is an amazing observatory made by Jai Singh II and was a culmination of observational astronomy from various cultures. This is one such observatory made to contribute to Zij-I Muhammad Shahi. It is a popular tourist place and the instruments are used to act like a mecca for astrologers and astronomers who used to come here and discuss their findings. Here you can study –

  •       Maragheh
  •       European literature about instrumental astrology
  •       Ulugh Beg’s Observatory at Samarkand
  •       Ancient Sanskrit Scriptures

If you have missed Jantar Mantar on the Jaipur tour, then make sure that this shall be a part of your next Rajasthan Trip Package. It is an amazing place to go while on a family trip. Plan your trip soon and embark on a visit to Jantar Mantar.

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